FlashObject now has a permanant home at this url: http://blog.deconcept.com/flashobject/.
This post is partially out of date, and has been superceeded by Proper Flash embedding: FlashObject Best Practices. I’ve also closed the comments, please leave feedback in the new post.
Nearly every project I work on these days has Macromedia Flash involved with it some way or another. If you’re into the whole web nerd thing, you’ll know that embedding Flash in a XHTML page doesn’t play so nice with these web standards everyone is raving about. Developers basically have two choices these days when working with XHTML and Flash:
- The Flash Satay method, which uses a single
objecttag to embed the Flash movie. This method’s main drawback is that the movie won’t start playing until it is 100% loaded. This can create problems with large Flash sites where the user would be left with a blank screen until the movie loads. There are ways around this, but it involves using another swf file that loads your main movie and placing the preloader inside the first swf. This can clutter up your directories with ‘holder’ movies and make adding Flash content much more time consuming than it should be.
embedcode for each movie.
With these in mind, I decided to come up with a standard way to embed my Flash movies, whether it be a single movie on a page (full Flash site) or multiple inline Flash elements on a larger XHTML page.
The features I wanted are:
- Ability to embed unmodified Flash movies without the aid of other Flash movies
- Ability to detect the Flash player version in the user’s browser and display alternate content if needed
- Alternate content options – plain text (HTML), redirect, or image
- Must validate as XHTML 1.0 transitional and up
- Must accommodate any type of Flash embedding, including additional parameters and variables passed in via the Flashvars parameter
- Easy to use (even non-technical designers should be able to use it!)
- Must be able to be bypassed. What if the user has Flash but the detect failed for some unknown reason? (new browsers, unexpected plugin architectures, etc.)
embed to the page, but could also target an element on the page and place the Flash movie inside it.
The ABC News code to write a Flash movie to the page looks like this:
var logo = new Flash("/flash/abcnewslogo.swf", 64, 64, 6);
To view their Flash embed code, look here.
This isn’t bad at all, but it’s missing a few of my requirements: No way to specify alternate content if the user doesn’t have Flash (and no non-Flash site redirect option), and there’s no way to bypass it – if someone has some new unknown browser with a Flash plugin, and this script can’t find their plugin, there is no way they will get to see your Flash content.
So. Using this code as a base (except for the plugin detect, which I already had a copy I pieced together a while back and was basically the same thing anyway) I put together a new version with everything that I needed.
Here is what a basic Flash embed would look like:
var flashDial = new FlashObject("xm_dial.swf", "xmdial", 527, 349, 6, "#ABAFAE");
You can also target a specific element to place the Flash movie in by passing an element id in the
write() method, like this:
And here is a sample of what it would look like if you placed the code on the page and included alternate content and a few other optional parameters:
myFlash = new FlashObject("swffile.swf", "swffile", 500, 300, 6);
myFlash.altTxt = "<h1>You need to upgrade your Flash Player!</h1>";
And that’s it! If you need to overwrite a default parameter, like quality, you would just set the parameter:
If the user has Flash, they see the Flash movie. If they don’t, they will see your alternate text and a link to disable the Flash detect. This is done by simple adding
detectflash=false to the query string (the link is added to the alternate text automatically unless you overwrite it).
Here is a sample page with a little Flash movie. Try uninstalling your Flash plugin and viewing the page.
Download the FlashObject source code. Check out the updated version for the latest code downloads.
UPDATE (10-15-2004): Mark Wubben pointed out that there were couple loose variables hanging around, so I fixed that up. I decided to leave the
getFlashVersion() function out in the open so it can be used independantly. Maybe you would want to use it to provide a general help statement without embedding a Flash movie?
UPDATE (10-20-2004): Just a small update, I removed the
UPDATE (10-20-2004): I just posted a little follow up to the whole
application/xhtml+xml mime types problem.
UPDATE (11-11-2004): Martin Klasson wrote and told me about how
escape() tends to munge up some characters like Ã¸ and Ã¤ to name a couple. So I took it out, and switched the example page to utf-8 (because it should have been anyway). You’ll just have to watch out for things like double quotes being passed in through flashvars, but ideally you wouldn’t be doing that anyway, right?
UPDATE (11-13-2004): Just found a bug in the
getQueryParamValue() function and fixed it. I should also note that you can use that function to grab URL parameters and send them to your Flash movie, so I added a little note in the usage comments on how to do that.
UPDATE (11-15-2004): Fixed a small bug pointed out by Manoloweb where the alt text would be written in the
script tag instead of the target div if you specify a target. All fixed up now.